Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. It is located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland. Referred to by Mahatma Gandhi as the "Evergreen city of India",the city is characterized by its undulating terrain of low coastal hills and busy commercial alleys. The city houses many central and state government offices and organizations. Trivandrum is bordered by the Arabian Sea on the western part and the Western Ghats on the eastern front. Its miles and miles of sandy beaches, wild life sanctuary, palaces, and ancient temples and museums have all made it one of the most favored tourist destinations in Kerala.
The city derives its name from the deity at the Sri Padmanabha swamy temple, the most recognized icon of the city. The city is built on seven hills and boasts of an affable climate with temperatures varying from 21degree C in winter to 34 degree C in summer. Trivandrum is also the hub of medical tourism in Kerala with several ayurveda treatment facilities available in several hotels and resorts located near the beaches and hill stations.
This internationally acclaimed beach is considered one of the finest in Asia and is one of the most favored tourist attractions in Kerala. Kovalam beach consists of three beaches of which the lighthouse beach is the most popular of the three. Innumerable numbers of tourists both national and international flock to this sun filled sandy beach at all times of the year. The beach is rather shallow and offers tourists an opportunity to wade further in to the water. There are a significant number of star hotels, resorts and ayurveda treatments offering the tourists several accommodation options.
The Shankhmugham Beach located at a distance of 8 km from Trivandrum city is another favorite beach destination located close to the Trivandrum International Airport and the Veli Tourist village. It affords a panoramic view of the sunset. The indoor recreation club and a restaurant shaped like a starfish are also prime attractions with the tourists. An added attraction is the Nehru traffic Training Park that affords an opportunity to the children to learn the traffic rules. It is a big hit with the children.
Napier Museum, located in a 19th century edifice is a must for every tourist visiting Trivandrum. The building is structured in the Indo- saracenic model and is home to a rare collection of archaeological and historical artifacts, bronze idols, ancient ornaments, temple chariot and ivory carvings. Napier museum is particularly famous for its inbuilt natural air conditioning system that keeps the place cool even in the height of summer.
Sree Chitra Art gallery, located close to the Napier museum houses a large collection of ancient paintings including those of well known painters such as Raja Ravi Varma, Svetlova and Nicholas Roerich. The art gallery, besides, is home to several pieces of exquisite art works from the Rajput and Mughal era. The gallery also features art collections from China, Japan, Tibet and Bali.
TheTrivandrum zoological park boasts of being one of the first zoological parks to be set up in the country and is set in the midst of a botanical garden. The park gives the semblance of a forest and comes with sprawling lawns, huge evergreen trees, shrubs and also a large pond where wild fowls can be found swimming. Located in the heart of the city, this zoological park is one of the most sought after tourist places in Trivandrum city. Apart from a host of other animals on view, the zoological park also showcases a variety of rare species of reptiles and snakes.
The Veli tourist village, situated at the confluence of the Veli Lake and the Arabian Sea is one of the most famous tourist places in Trivandrum and is one of the first tourist villages to be set up. The tourist village offers several tourism facilities to the tourists including boating, canoeing, pedal boats and speed boat facilities.
Padmanabha Swamy Temple is the most famous temple in Trivandrum and one of the more prominent temples in Kerala. It draws huge crowds every day of the year. Built by the maharaja of Travancore, the then ruling dynasty, Padmanabha swamy temple is one of the most recognized symbols in Trivandrum. Located inside the East Fort, entry is allowed only to Hindus and strict dress code is enforced within the temple. The Padmanabha swamy temple is a blend of Dravidian and Kerala architectural styles. Dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the deity in the temple is seen reclining on a serpent